Who needs ventilation?
Simple answer is everybody - from animals to people. Ventilation is important for everyone - from the basic physiological need to
Where the ventilation is needed?
Cars, airplanes, and ships also frequently have ventilation passageways and systems that help control air quality and circulation. And one of the most dependent on ventilation are the closed structures located in spaces without the natural occurance of air (and other substances). submarines and of course spaceships.
Who deals with ventilation?
Ventilation is all about air - heating/cooling it and changing it and get it clean.
The reason why ventilation
Occupants interactions with ventilation
Occupant impact on ventilation, i.e. how occupants react to and/or are affected by the indoor environment
All about occupants´ perception about ventilation and indoor climate in the buildings they live/sleep, work and leisure.
The degree of control
A key consideration is the degree of control that occupants have over the indoor environment. This very much depends on the type of building and on the adequacy of control measures provided.
- In single homes, the occupant has virtually total access to the various mechanisms available (heating, ventilation controls, window opening etc.).
- On the other hand, in multi-storey dwellings, offices, shops, public buildings and industrial premises, direct control may not be available to occupants or, if accessible to individual users, they may influence the environment for adjacent occupants. Unless there exist more individual controlled environment - based on the zoning of the spaces/buildings or the demand controlled control systems, etc.
The effects of occupants interaction
Basically, it can be stated what are the effects of occupant interaction on several issues:
- the influence that occupants have in controlling their environment
- factors beyond the control of occupants
- thermal comfort, and or draught
- health, well-being and productivity
- energy use and environmental impact