Control systems for indoor climate
Controlling the indoor climate via sensors — for greater comfort and better energy efficiency
Controlling indoor climate via sensors
The indoor climate has a significant influence on people´s well-being in the buildings. Since we all perceive our environment differently, we need to create conditions that most people feel good about.
The indoor climate in buildings is controlled by a complex system called HVACR (heating, ventilation, air-conditioning and refrigeration). The HVACR system has many components, but one of the most important ones is all about indoor climate control through the use of sensors.
The method is simple, however the technology is not
- When the room is occupied, the comfort of its users drives how the climate is controlled; when it is not in use, energy efficiency is at the forefront.
- Indoor climate is monitored, optimised with sensors and individually selectable settings.
Temperature, humidity, CO2 concentration and more
The control system based on the input parameters is simple. When a specific parameter (for example, an increase in temperature and/or relative humidity) gets above the requirement (usually based on the values from building standards), the sensor gives input to the HVAC system that handles the regulation of the indoor climate in the building.
Apart from indoor temperature and indoor relative humidity, the CO2 concentration is the most important indicator for the quality of indoor air.
- The CO2 content of the indoor air increases with the number of people and duration of their stay as well as the intensity of their physical activities.
- The higher the CO2 load in the room, the more fresh air the controller demands.
Note that today we also use other more advanced sensors, such as VOCs, etc.
Indoor climate means that the control of indoor environmental conditions must be used when planning/designing/operating buildings. This means that air quality and thermal comfort must be controlled, such as; temperature, humidity, CO2 and air movement in the room, and other parameters.