In general Europeans are not too impressed with the energy costs of their current home, and they are willing to invest in improving energy efficiency and the
indoor climate, i.e. fresh air and daylight. The home owners’ responsibility is a strong driver in the transition towards healthy homes. But there are limits.
One is legislation. While the EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD, 2010/31/EU) clearly states that minimum energy performance requirements “shall take account of general indoor climate conditions, in order to avoid possible negative effects such as inadequate ventilation” , there is no clear requirement describing how this can be achieved . There is a clear legislative gap in guidance for home owners and property developers towards more healthy homes.
Homeowners have little, if any, incentive to demand environmentally friendly buildings, since the environmental impact from building materials is decided when building materials are at the cradle or at their end of life – two phases in building materials’ life cycle that most home owners do not feel responsible for.
Source: Healthy Homes Barometer 2015, An annual study of European citizens’ attitudes and behaviour regarding
home comfort, energy consumption and environmental impact, The Healthy Homes Barometer is accompanied academically by Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Bernd Wegener, Humboldt University Berlin.
 “Indoor Air Quality, Thermal Comfort and Daylight in the European residential buildings”, Buildings Performance Institute Europe, 2015.
 ”Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe”, European Commission, 2011.